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Posts Tagged ‘nutritional deficiency’

The next few posts will explore the role and important relationships of fat and oils  (together called lipids) in our bodies and our metabolism; what they are, where they’re located, what are “good” fats and what are “bad” fats, and some of the myths and misinformation relating to fats.  I’ll try and give you at least a short version of the skinny on fats.

There’s a story out there that fat is bad. It’s ugly, it’s nasty, it maims and kills, and nutritionally, we should stay as far away from it as we can. Well, guess what? All that’s not true. Fat is our friend  and we can’t live without it.  In fact, we’re “meant” to eat fat.

While water may be the most underutilized nutrient, fat is probably the most neglected, rejected and least understood.  So, why all the fuss about fat?  Because it’s involved in so many (dare I say most?) metabolic processes in some way, shape or form (and fat takes on all kinds of shapes and forms for being such a simple molecule).

For starters, most of our brain is fat (more than 50%), and our neurons could not function or fire without it.  About 75-80% of the myelin sheath that surrounds all of our nerve cells is made up of fatty acids.  Being a fat head is really a complement (to good health).

Fats are highly protective of our organs, giving cushioning and shock absorption to vulnerable tissues and cells.  With all of the jarring and jostling that our bodies take each day, fat softens the blows, making for happier, healthier organs.

Fats are the precursors and building blocks of many of our hormones, that complex chemical web of communication that tirelessly gives and receives messages for our myriad metabolic processes, like growth, reproduction, energy production and storage, construction and destruction of building blocks, fight and flight responses, pleasure, pain and on and on.  What would puberty be like without fat to get things stirring?

Fats are necessary for healthy liver function.  Both healthy cholesterol and bile are made from fat (cholesterol is found in nearly every cell of our body and is the main building block of most hormones).  Bile, which is made from fat, is also responsible for breaking down fats in our digestive processes, so that fats can be easily absorbed into our blood stream.  Bile is part of the great fat recycling system.

Fat is needed for the absorption of all of the “fat soluble” vitamins — A, E, D, and K.  These vitamins are instrumental in supporting healthy hair, teeth, bones, immune system function, calcium balance, cell growth, blood balance and clotting, antioxidant support and anti-aging qualities, amongst other things.

Fats are also imperative for managing anti-inflammatory responses.  The biochemical pathways for both inflammation and anti-inflammation start with good, healthy, and specific fatty acids.  Many practitioners see systemic and specific inflammation as the leading cause of many degenerative diseases, including cardiovascular disease.

Fats supply a slow and steady source of energy.  While carbohydrates burn quickly (like the kindling on a fire), fats burn at a more even pace (like a log on the fire), which gives a much more sustained form of energy (and therefore is more satiating).  Fats actually keep you from eating too much (unlike carbs).

Maybe the most important single characteristic of good fats is their role in the structure of every cell in our bodies.  Each of our 40-50 trillion cells has a membrane which serves as the brain and communication hub of the cell (much more important in many ways than the cell’s nucleus).  This cell membrane is made up of a phospholipid, or fat layer, that helps to protect and define the cell.  When we consume “bad” fats, such as hydrogenated oils, this membrane becomes compromised and the cell does not function effectively.

And, finally, fats  just plain taste good.  Humans have a natural attraction to fats (even though we’ve been told to avoid them like the plague, for the past 30 to 40 years).  Our hunting and gathering ancestors often went for the organ meats and fatty tissues first, and ate the lean meats as “leftovers” after making a kill.  Traditional societies still relish fats as the major nutrient in their diets.

Next time we’ll look at the many different types of fats, how they differ, and what makes a “good” fat and a “bad” fat.

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The Art of Gentle Detoxing

As we’ve seen, toxins build up in our bodies over many years and come from many and varied sources.  Our abilities to handle toxic loads are also quite varied (bio-individuality) and have varying effects in different parts of our body.  There are times when it’s critical to try and detox specific substances quickly, and I leave that to the experts (I don’t recommend intense and quick detoxes on your own).  However, for most people, most of the time, I suggest more gentle detox methods, a couple of which I’ll go over at the end of this post.  For now, a little bit on how toxins interact with our  5 major foundational systems.

Toxins and the Foundations

The Foundations to good health underlie almost all physiological function and dysfunction in our bodies.  They include the primary processes and systems of Digestion, Sugar Handling, Fatty Acid Metabolism, Mineral Balance and Hydration.  Underlying all of these is the most important Foundation of all, a good, healthy, Nutrient Dense diet.  Toxins and our ability to effectively detox play a huge role in the functioning and balance of each of these Foundations.  The following information is mostly excerpted from The Nutritional Therapy Association class binder on detoxification.

Diet

Diet is the main foundation that underlies all other foundations of good nutrition.  Eating processed, lifeless food (or as I call it, phood) is seen by the body as a toxic activity.  Also, any diet or eating plan that takes in too much food (volume) uses too much energy, and doesn’t leave enough for “house cleaning”, also puts a toxic burden on the body.  Finally, it’s important to take in the proper balance of Macro and Micro nutrients because they play such an important role in the body’s ability to detoxify.

Digestion

If a person isn’t digesting well, even a “perfect” diet can clog the body’s detoxification pathways.  Many people eat excellent foods (organic, whole, live) and still have major nutritional deficiencies because the nutrient intake isn’t properly balanced.  Specific amino acids in our diet play critical roles in the proper functioning of specific detoxification pathways in the liver. (for example, Methionine is necessary to run the liver’s Sulfation pathway ).  Poor fat digestion clogs the lymph system, and therefore the liver.

Blood Sugar Regulation

Elevated Cortisol and general blood sugar imbalance stress the Liver and other organs of the body.  This is often a result of way too many carbohydrates in the diet, especially simple sugars and starches.  The western SAD (Standard American) diet and even many so-called healthy diets are highly overloaded in terms of carbohydrate intake.  Blood sugar imbalances deplete many, if not all of the B vitamins.  B6 is especially needed for all liver enzyme functions and neurotransmitter synthesis (epinephrine, serotonin).  B2 is needed to make phase II detox enzymes  required by the liver.

Chronically high blood sugars create a buildup of free radicals and a general catabolic state, which robs the nutrients needed by the body to detoxify properly.

Fatty Acids

Fat tissues are one of the body’s major mechanisms used to store difficult to remove toxic waste (heavy metals, petroleum, other chemicals).  The liver metabolizes fats into their usable forms.  Improper ingestion and digestion of fats can cause liver stress.

Bile is made from healthy fat.  The bile is the “river” by which many toxins are removed from the body via the intestinal tract, so bad or sluggish bile also bio-accumulates toxins.  Healthy detoxing almost always includes creating healthy bile.

The proper balance of dietary fat helps to create a properly permeable cell membrane for all of our trillions of cells, allowing wastes to be removed from the inside of the cell in a timely manner.  Rancid fats create unhealthy cells which help to create toxic overload.

Mineral Balance

Detoxification processes can create acidic blood.  Minerals help to buffer this condition.  Toxins deplete minerals like magnesium, which can lead to deficiencies of enzymes that are necessary in healthy Phase I liver detoxification.

Certain minerals help keep heavy metals from collecting in the tissue. (heavy metals are minerals and therefore are kept in balance by other minerals).

Hydration

We must keep properly hydrated to keep the body flushing appropriately, moving bowels and urine regularly.  Perspiring (another form of natural detoxification)  requires proper hydration.

Proper hydration helps to keep our lung tissue moist so that we can respire healthfully and proper hydration keeps the blood fluid so that toxic material may be delivered more efficiently to the lymph and liver.

A Couple of Gentle Detox Techniques

There are dozens, maybe hundreds, of varying kinds of detoxification methods and techniques, and the internet is replete with them.  Be careful and do your research.  I suggest starting with gentle detoxing unless you’re under the care of a competent practitioner (and even then, gentle is usually best).  A couple of my favorites follow:

Oil Pulling – Step by Step

Step1: First thing in the morning on an empty stomach and before drinking any liquids (including water), put exactly about 1 tablespoon of sunflower or sesame oil , or my favorite, coconut oil, into your mouth.

Step 2:

Swish the oil around in your mouth without swallowing it. Move it around in your mouth and through your teeth, as if it was mouthwash (don’t tilt your head back to gargle though). You’ll find that the oil will start to get watery as your saliva mixes with it. Keep swishing.  If your jaw muscles get sore while swishing, you’re putting too much into it. Relax your jaw muscles and use your tongue to help move the liquid around the inside of your mouth. When you do this correctly, you’ll feel very comfortable. Pretty soon, it will become second nature.

Step 3:

As the end of the oil pulling session approaches, you may notice the oil/saliva mixture in your mouth has become thicker. This is quite normal, since it is pulling out toxins from your body.When 20 minutes is up, spit out the oil into the toilet (outside or in a container if it is coconut oil).  Don’t be alarmed if it looks yellowish–this is also normal.

Step 4:

Rinse out your mouth a couple of times with warm sea salt water and spit into the toilet. Rinse with a good completelely natural mouthwash.   Some people prefer to dilute with water (or use full strength), regular hydrogen peroxide and rinse and spit with that. The hydrogen peroxide is very effective at rinsing out any toxins which may be left in the mouth.

Using Clay Baths and Cleanses to Detoxify

The following comes from Michael King at Vitality Herbs and Clay.  I highly recommend the pyrophyllitic clays from Michael’s business in southern Oregon (obtained from the environs of Crater Lake), because of their extreme gentle yet powerful actions.

External Detoxification Methods

Who would have guessed that Nature has had a simple remedy available to us from the beginning of mankind’s walk upon the earth, for just such a day as the one we now live in? Who would have thought that the answer would be as simple and enjoyable as a soothing clay bath?

There is nothing more gentle in the realm of detoxification than a clay bath or shower slurry (for those who do not like baths). A shower slurry is accomplished by simply spreading a thin layer of a moist clay paste all over the body and hanging out in the shower for awhile. A clay bath is accomplished by adding a half cup or more (even several pounds) to your bath water and basking in the warmth for 30 minutes to an hour or more, as desired. The addition of sea salt and/or humic substances to your clay bath increases its detoxification potency.

A clay bath is a gentle, yet powerful detoxification method due to one simple fact – toxins are able to leave the body through every skin cell from head to toe at once.

More effective than foot baths, more effective than Epsom Salt baths, and more effective than isolated poultices, clay baths draw toxins out of the body simultaneously from every square inch of the skin surface exposed to the clay.

Internal Detoxification Methods

Now, let’s discuss internal detoxification. There are a few natural substances when taken internally, that work powerfully well in combination with clay baths. The reason the two are recommended together is to reduce, as much as possible, detoxification reactions caused by doing too much, too fast.

Detox reactions are common early on in a good healing program, yet eventually the body processes them out and the detox symptoms go away. A clay bath will usually reduce or eliminate any detox reactions within minutes.

A detox reaction can show up in several ways: a sluggish feeling, a fuzzy head, a headache, a rash, a breakout, dry skin, aches and pains, flu-like symptoms, etc.

At the very beginning of an internal detox program it is best to be more cautious due to the possibility of unexpected heavy detoxing precipitated by something as simple as a teaspoon of chlorella, or a quarter cup of cilantro, or a teaspoon of clay, or a pinch of humic substances, or a few ounces of an extremely hydrating water source. From just these small amounts, surprisingly intense detox reactions have been experienced by some with a history of exposure to toxic substances.

By being sure to combine frequent baths with your internal detox program you provide yourself with the best chance of minimizing detox reactions and their potential duration. At the first sign of a detox reaction from an internal detox program, take a clay bath or a shower slurry, drink lots of pure water, and if you have the opportunity, do some sweating in a sauna.

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The Magical Elixir

Do you know what the second most  common nutritional deficiency is in America?  Lack of vitamins?  Lack of minerals?  Poor digestion?  Well, these are all extremely important, and deficiencies in these areas cause untold suffering and lead to many diseases and ill health, but are not on the very top of the list in terms of nutritional deficiency.  The second most common deficiency is an essential fatty acid deficiency (and this will be the topic of a later blog entry).  The most common nutritional deficiency, however,  is water – good, wholesome, pure, given-from-nature, natural water.  You can last many days without food, but only about three days without water.  Water makes up between 55 to 65% of our total body mass (the actual amount varies with the size of the person, their age, their gender, etc.).  This means that a 140 pound person has about 84 pounds of water weight.

We live on a water planet, where 71% of the surface of the earth is made up of this special and unusual liquid. waterplanet2When I look at the human body, I see that we are really a quite accurate reflection of planet earth.  We are, as is the earth, made up of fully functioning ecosystems within ecosystems within ecosystems.  Our organs, our tissues, our cells are energetic, vibratory, interactive systems that function on many micro, macro and meta levels of relationship between themselves and the greater “outside.”  It is no accident that our bodies reflect a similar percentage of water and that the water in our bodies is nearly identical in many ways to the chemical make-up of most of the water on the planet – salty seawater.

Water plays a vital role, in some way, shape or form, in nearly every chemical interaction in the body.  We truly are an electrical (or vibrational) being – our cells and processes communicate via electrical impulses and water acts as the “battery” medium for this transference of energy.

Functions of Water

Water has an amazingly long list of important functions, each of which is critical to healthy biological processes.  Some of the important ones listed in Water: The Ultimate Cure by Steve Meyerowitz, include:

  • Improves oxygen delivery to the cells
  • Transports nutrients
  • Enables cellular hydration
  • Moistens oxygen for easier breathing
  • Cushions bones and joints
  • Absorbs shocks to joints and organs
  • Regulates body temperature
  • Removes wastes
  • Flushes toxins
  • Lubricates joints
  • Improves cell to cell communication
  • Maintains normal electrical properties of cells
  • Empowers the body’s natural healing process

Water Loss

In humans, the body can make about 8% of its water needs through metabolic processes, using hydrolysis and hydration (chemical processes of breaking off water molecules and recombining them).  Other animals, such as desert Kangaroo rats and camels can make and/or store much high quantities of water for long term use.  We are not camels.

Because our water needs are so high, we have a constant need to replenish.  This, coupled with the choices that many people make regarding their beverages, is what leads to chronic (and sometimes acute) dehydration issues for so many.

Humans lose about a liter of water a day just through breathing (although I don’t suggest you stop breathing just to conserve water).  About 24% of our water loss is through the skin and about 60% is excreted through the kidneys.  The GI system moves nearly 10 liters of water per day, mostly through the process of creating water through hydrolysis (the breaking apart of water from other constituents) in the gut through digestive processes (much of this is reabsorbed later in the small intestine and colon).

Dehydration

As in any other healthy functioning system of the body, there is a natural balance that is in effect, in this case between water in and water out.  And, as is often the case with so many people, this balance has been changed significantly in modern life. 

The majority of Americans today live with chronic (or worse) dehydration.  A rule of thumb to tell if you’re getting enough water to be adequatley hydrated is to take your weight and divide it by two to get the number of ounces of water you should be drinking (a 150 pound person should take in about 75 ounces of water per day).  Of course on hotter days, or with more physical exertion, this number would be higher. dehydration-parched-soil

Most people don’t drink nearly that much water.  To make matters much worse for many people, what they do drink actually takes water from the body.  Drinking fluids that contain diuretics, taking many medications that are diruretic and eating certain foods, all remove water from the body’s needed stores instead of adding to it.  Commonly consumed diuretics include all caffeinated beverages, beer, wine and other alcoholic drinks and many types of fruit juices. 

To get a more accurate sense of how much fluids one should be taking in, you need to take your body weight, divide it by two (to get the starting point for water intake), and then add 1 1/2 ounces of water for each ounce of diuretic you are taking in.  For every 8 ounce can of Coke or other soft drink you’re drinking, you’d need to drink an additional 12 ounces of water to just break even (which doesn’t include the many other nutritional problems involved with drinking soft drinks).

If water content drops by as much as 2%,  people become fatigued (what is the main complaint of many people? – they’re too tired all the time).  A 10% drop will cause severe health problems (digestive, immune, musculo-skeletal issues) and a drop of more than 10% can cause death.  There are early signs and more mature or later signs of problems related to dehydration, as follows:

Early
Signs                                                                                             

  • Fatigue                                                                                                                  
  • Heartburn
  • Joint Pain
  • Back Pain
  • Migraines
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Constipation
  • Colitis

Mature
Signs

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Cravings
  • Cramps
  • Headaches

If you experience several of the above (especially on a regular basis), you might want to look closely at your quality and quantity water intake. 

There are many other issues related to water and health that will be covered in later posts, including sources of good water, containers that should be and shouldn’t be used, filtering systems and so on.

So, let’s drink a toast to your good health, with lots of pure, clean and healthful water.

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Imagine a time and a place when what we ate supported our natural and intrinsic health and vitality.  A place and a time where we (as a human population) were in balance with the nurturing products of nature in such a way that our physiological needs were essentially met; all of our biological systems (digestion, cardiovascular health, hormonal balances, fatty acid needs, etc.) were supplied with the correct nutrients for vital and long-lasting health.

For most of us, that time and place is hard to imagine; especially hard to imagine in a really personal and tangible way.  Our families, our peers, our cohorts and friends all seem to be touched (directly or indirectly) by one or more of the major maladies of modern culture – heart disease, cancer, diabetes, chronic pain, digestive disorders, obesity, depression, anxiety, stress, etc., etc.  – to such a great extent that it seems to be part and parcel of our everyday lives.  It’s as if this were the “natural” condition.  And all of this, despite the fact that we “supposedly” have the most technologically advanced medical and health system the world has ever seen.  Most of us know that while we are told that “we are the greatest country in the world” over and over, and part of us actually believes it (or wants to), that there is something drastically wrong with the big picture; something askew between our supposed “abundance” and our ability to remain in balance with the sources of vital nutrition that are supposed to support us.

Now, imagine being blessed with all of the tools and techniques available that could quickly and easily determine the kinds of nutritional and physiological support that our bodies (and minds) need and want.  Tools such as the knowledge and connection with what our ancestors ate to remain in vital health and well being; methods of “asking” the body to give feedback as to what, specifically, is out of balance, and what kinds of nutritional support is required to re-balance it; tools that help us to tune into our behaviors, moods and emotional states in such as way as to determine, again, how to bring forth balance and vitality.  It’s my belief that we have all the tools (and then some) to move all of us into a better state of health and well being.

Part of the purpose of this blog is to explore the gap between the above first two paragraphs.  Was there a time when our ancestors were really in balance, nutritionally, with their environments in a long-term and sustainable way?  And if so, what has brought us to such a divergent outcome and what can we do to move back into balance?  Another purpose of this blog is to explore the resources we all have available to us to “turn things around” in our own lives and (hopefully) in the lives of those we are close to.

I would like to explore, partly, what brought us to where we are, and more importantly, to look at what we are able to change to “right the sinking ship” of poor health and dysfunctional physiological processes.  We’ll look at some of the major “myths”, stories and down-right lies about health and nutrition that have been created and perpetrated over time, at some of the specific tools that can help many to “rebalance” the ship, and at specific foods, herbs, supplements and “ways of eating” that can move us from dysfunction to wellness.

Please comment freely, ask questions and make specific requests for future topics.

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